Why does my dog have a runny nose?
I. Why does my puppy have a runny nose?
We usually don't notice snot until our puppy has a cold or an inflamed nose.
In fact, puppies have snot in their nasal passages all the time. Some people think that snot is a nuisance and a terrible thing, but in fact it is an important barrier to protect the body.
Puppies often have a runny nose, which is an indication that there may be irritants in their nasal passages.
So-called irritants, according to Dr. Steve Weinberg, DVM, founder of 911VETS in California, such as exposure to allergens, viral infections, bacterial infections, fungal infections, foreign body blockages, bleeding disorders, toxic gases, trauma and tumors.
As a result, sneezing and sniffling often occur together.
Sometimes, when we see a puppy excited or nervous, there will be fluid flowing from its nose, the texture of which looks clear and crisp. And this type of snot is accompanied by sneezing behavior from time to time. When the puppy calms down, this type of situation usually disappears on its own and does not require excessive attention.
However, if a puppy retains a snotty nose that does not improve within a few hours or even days, this warrants a high degree of parental concern.
This indicates that the puppy may be experiencing a serious underlying health problem.
When a puppy has a persistent runny nose, we should look closely at the nasal drainage to see if it is clear and watery, or mucus-like with blood, cloudy yellow or smelly. Do they come from one nostril or both nostrils together.
The appearance and frequency of snot in puppies can tell parents a lot about the potential cause of the disease. Today we'll talk to parents about the top 7 causes of runny nose in puppies and what to do about it.
The content is easy to understand, so it's not too late to get started.
Tip: The key knowledge you need to know in this article has been marked and bolded. This article is original by the author of Three Dogs Science, non-authorized reproduction, washing, plagiarism is prohibited, violators will be investigated!
What are all the other symptoms when a puppy has a runny nose? Which breeds are congenitally more likely to appear?
Attentive parents see here, I believe that all understand that a small symptom can reflect a hidden disease that may exist in the body of the puppy.
Runny nose is not just a form of runny nose, there are various kinds, the following is a summary of the symptoms after consulting a lot of professional literature.
Puppies exhibiting a runny nose directly.
Puppies suddenly become breathless, even with sneezing.
Puppies do not breathe through the nose but mostly through the mouth, even in cold conditions.
the puppy's eyes become swollen, or puffy; the puppy's dental health slowly begins to deteriorate
The puppy may have signs of bad breath.
the puppy develops some discharge around the face, or on the skin.
And simple, common and mild manifestations of symptoms are not very serious problems. If it is a very serious runny nose (with blood, etc., as mentioned in the previous subsection), it is time to pay attention.
According to pet expert Dr. Rachel Barrack, short-nosed, short-headed breeds (such as Boston Terriers, Bulldogs and Pugs) are more prone to runny noses and respiratory disease. "
That's because of the innately narrow passages in their noses, so frequent runny noses can also occur.
Boston Terriers are a short-nosed breed and are one of the breeds with a high incidence of runny noses
What's the deal with runny noses in puppies? And which ones do parents know?
When some of the symptoms of a puppy are found, it is important to start looking for the cause in order to treat the symptoms and facilitate the use of medication. There are several causes of runny nose in puppies, and there are 7 main causes.
Puppies come across objects to which they are prone to allergies, or what is known as allergies from a professional point of view. Generally speaking, some puppies will have seasonal pollen allergy, allergic rhinitis, etc.. The state of this cause is: the puppy will sneeze, runny nose, the nose is clear and watery.
The presence of nasal mites. Nasal mites are microorganisms that attack enough to occupy the nose and sinuses of puppies. And cause itchy nose sneezing, vicious nasal mucus, and even produce nosebleeds.
Usually this transmission occurs by playing in the dirt in the wild or by close contact with other puppies already infected with nasal mites.
If parents are unsure whether their puppy has nasal mites, remember that they need to be tested at a professional veterinary hospital. However, there are usually obvious symptoms such as the appearance of a runny nose, swelling, and an unpleasant odor.
Rhinitis sinusitis. These types of causes are all nasal infections and all cause symptoms such as sneezing and vomiting. Seasonal changes, on the other hand, can also cause sinusitis to flare up.
For example, the change of rhythm of the seasons makes it difficult for puppies to adapt for a short period of time, or the pollen causes rhinitis sinusitis. On the other hand, there are fixed things that cause infections in puppies. Often puppies with sinusitis or rhinitis will have thick nasal discharge with a bad odor.
Puppy respiratory tract infection. This time the puppy's nose is yellow and clear, especially coughing and noisy breathing, lethargy and other symptoms. Your puppy may be in the early stages of the flu and should be treated at the vet promptly.
Periodontal disease in puppies. This cause i.e. periodontitis and abscessed teeth can both cause and produce nasal discharge in puppies. The diseases that cause these problems to produce nasal discharge are chronic and not easily detected by parents. The snot produced by this cause is usually thick or even bloody.
Nasal tumors in puppies. There may be a tumor or polyp in the nasal cavity, which can cause an involuntary nasal discharge accompanied by sneezing. This is a chronic condition and nasal tumors can cause facial swelling.
Foreign bodies in the nasal cavity of a puppy. A foreign body indicates that there is nothing else in the nasal cavity of a healthy puppy. But puppies like to be outdoors and inevitably something enters their nasal cavity when they are playing. But usually the puppy will expel the foreign body in the form of sneezing.
Sneezing and snorting are subconscious attempts by the puppy's body to expel the intruder. However, in severe cases medical intervention is sometimes required.
It is not just the presence of foreign bodies in the puppy's nose, but even sneezing and nosebleeds. It may also be noted that the puppy is breathing more noisily than normal, and there may be a visible bump or lump on the face or side of the nose.
How does a veterinarian diagnose the cause of a puppy's illness?
Once the cause is known, the correct diagnosis should be made, depending on whether the parents tell the veterinarian in detail and correctly the true symptoms of the puppy, and if it is a serious case, schedule a puppy treatment appointment within a day.
Generally veterinarians will attempt to screen in several ways.
The first is a rhinoscopy, and this exam begins with the veterinarian placing the puppy under general anesthesia and inserting an endoscopic tube to examine the nasal passages.
This is a safe examination, and the anesthetic is used to prevent your puppy from sneezing and interfering with the operation, saving unnecessary trouble.
The end of the tube is viewed using a miniature camera, so that if there is a foreign body or tumor, the veterinarian will be able to visibly observe it and use delicate surgical tools to remove the foreign body or take a sample of the suspicious growth.
If the veterinarian examines and believes that there is a high probability of a dental health problem, then a dental examination of the puppy is performed. Not only that, but the puppy's nasal secretions can be tested and then analyzed for fungal and bacterial components.
The blood pressure of the puppy can also be measured, as well as determining the clotting characteristics of the puppy.
This clear nasal discharge is not to be ignored
Can parents treat their puppy's runny nose at home?
Dr. David Dilmore of Banfield Pet Hospital has shown us that parents can treat their puppies at home with simple treatments. Sometimes no treatment may be needed at all.
In most cases, a mild or simple runny nose does not need to be treated at all. That's because the puppy's body immunity will resolve such problems on its own.
The puppy's nose is very sensitive to many odors compared to humans, including dust and dust mites. If necessary, antihistamines are available at home and can be administered at home after a brief consultation with your veterinarian.
If parents find a foreign body for a long time or if something is not right, only then should they go to the hospital to determine the best way.
Mild or simple runny nose discharge does not require treatment at all
What should be the scientific and correct response after the diagnosis of a puppy? (Solution)
Treatment is also based on the above causes to take some solutions, the following are the correct measures to be used for various diseases.
For the treatment of allergies. Allergic reactions may be seasonal or may be caused by some allergens in the home. Treatment can start with the elimination of the irritant and can be done with corticosteroids. Allergies can also be treated with antihistamines to remove the cause.
For the treatment of foreign bodies. First the veterinarian will remove the foreign body from the puppy's nasal cavity, and then develop some recommendations to better help the puppy recover, possibly using to some anti-inflammatory drugs.
For the treatment of bacterial infection. Usually treated with antibiotic prescriptions, the veterinarian will allow the fungal infection to clear on its own or prescribe antifungal medication depending on the severity of the infection.
For the treatment of nasal mites. Treatment is done with oral doses of the heartworm drug ivermectin.
For the treatment of dental disease. Depending on the severity, treatment will be done by dental cleaning or direct extraction of the harmful teeth under anesthesia.
For the treatment of nasal cancer. Nasal cancer is one of the most serious causes of runny nose currently explained. It is a slow-growing but highly invasive cancer, and treatment may involve surgery, such as removal of the cancerous tumor, a procedure that is correspondingly complicated due to the complex structure of the nasal passages in puppies.
It does not respond well to chemotherapy, and if detected early, radiation therapy may be used.
Green discharge from both nostrils, need to go to the doctor
What is the prognosis and will it recur?
After diagnosis and professional treatment, the prognosis for puppies is generally good.
The causes of runny nose are complex and varied, and the form of maintenance after treatment varies.
Therefore, parents must follow the veterinary instructions to increase the puppy's own immunity, especially the dosage of the medication concerned, depending on the puppy's physical condition, weight and mental state.
If there is still sneezing and runny nose, we must ensure that the puppy's nasal cavity is clean, often use paper towels or cotton cloth to wipe the puppy's nose, the puppy's health can not be separated from the parents' careful care, love it should regularly monitor and solve the health problems of puppies.
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