Why do dogs have seizures? Causes of epilepsy in dogs

2022-07-01


Why do dogs have seizures


Causes of epilepsy in dogs: caused by some kind of abnormality in the nerve cells of the brain. These etiologies can be considered: tumor, brain injury, hypoglycemia, liver disease, hypocalcemia, hypercalcemia, hypomagnesemia, etc. In addition, nervous tension and changes in the surrounding environment can also be triggers. Symptoms of epilepsy in dogs: The main symptoms of epilepsy are loss of consciousness and tonic spasms. It can be clinically divided into two types grand mal and petit mal seizures. Grand mal seizure type: The dog suddenly falls to the ground, convulsions, tonic or paroxysmal spasms occur, the whole body is stiff, the limbs are extended, the head and neck are bent to the dorsal or side, and sometimes the limbs are paddled in a swimming 2113 shape. With muscle twitching, loss of consciousness, and perception, the teeth are closed and the mouth foams. Eye rotation and sclerae are evident, pupils are dilated, nose and lips tremble, and incontinence. The seizure lasts from a few seconds to a few minutes. Later in the seizure, the convulsions disappear, consciousness and sensation return, and the affected dog stands up automatically, showing fatigue, ataxia, and depression. Petit mal seizure type 5261: sudden onset of transient impairment of consciousness, freezing, unresponsiveness or non-responsiveness, mild and brief spasmodic convulsions, mostly localized, such as eyelid fluttering, eye-rolling, lip tremor, etc. Treatment of epilepsy in dogs: those with causative diseases are treated first. The idiopathic ones can be suppressed by antiepileptic drugs. Prevention of dog epilepsy: to analyze the dog's seizure, do not let him nervous, try to exclude seizure triggers, do not forcefully hold the dog during the seizure, just watch over the dog and move away from the surrounding hazards. Postpartum epilepsy in dogs: Postpartum epilepsy is a metabolic disease characterized by muscle tonic spasms caused by hypocalcemia and abnormal excitation of motor nerves in postpartum females. It occurs mostly in small females with a high litter size 7-20 days after delivery, and occasionally during delivery, before delivery, and after delivery in medium-sized females. Causes: Inadequate supply of calcium in the food during pregnancy or imbalance of calcium and phosphorus ratio or vitamin D deficiency. The mother gives birth to more litter, and the supply of milk is also more, so the female dog's blood calcium content is bound to decrease. Weather changes, long 4102 transport, frightened capture, and other stress factors are the trigger for the onset of the disease Symptoms: The disease occurs 7-20 days after delivery, and rarely develops after weaning. Most often seen in small pets, large rarely occur. The more litter, the more likely it is to develop. The onset of the disease is rapid, often invisible any pre-symptoms and sudden onset, after the onset, lying down, head, neck, and body muscle tonic spasm or muscle tremors. The body temperature rises above 40, shortness of breath, and palpitations are hyperactive. The membranes of the mouth are blue, the visible mucosa is congested, the eyeballs are turned upward, and the corners of the mouth are often accompanied by white foam. Sweating all over the body, with signs of dehydration. If not treated at 1653, death will occur in 1-2 days. The lighter ones are conscious and still react to the owner's call, while the heavier ones are unconscious and lying on the ground, with limbs stirring, like swimming. After calcium supplementation, the symptoms are quickly reduced or eliminated is a feature of the disease. Treatment: Early calcium supplementation, sedation, and antispasmodic to prevent airway obstruction. 10% calcium gluconate 5-20 ml slowly intravenous. For persistent spasms, use chlorpromazine or use 25% magnesium sulfate 5 ml intramuscularly. What are the symptoms? The symptoms will be relieved or cured the second time, but there are also cases of relapse on the second day, and the relapse can be fully recovered with one more infusion as described above. The mother should be isolated from the puppies after the disease. The puppy should be artificially nursed to improve its nutritional status. The mother should drink more bone broth to increase her intake of calcium and phosphorus.

Why do dogs have seizures? Causes of epilepsy in dogs



Diagnosis and management of postpartum epilepsy in dogs



Postpartum epilepsy is a metabolic disease characterized by tonic muscle spasms caused by hypocalcemia and abnormal excitation of motor nerves in postpartum mothers. It occurs mostly in small females with a high litter size 7-20 days after delivery, and occasionally during delivery, before delivery, and after delivery in medium-sized females.

Causes: Inadequate supply of calcium in the food during pregnancy or imbalance of calcium and phosphorus ratio or vitamin D deficiency. If the mother gives birth to more litter and the supply of milk is also more, the blood calcium level of the bitch is bound to decrease. Stress factors such as weather changes, long-distance transportation, and frightened capture are triggers for the onset of the disease

Symptoms.

The disease occurs 7-20 days after delivery and rarely develops after weaning. Most often seen in small pets, large rarely occur. The more litter, the more likely it is to develop. The onset of the disease is rapid, often invisible any pre-symptoms and sudden onset, after the onset, lying down, head, neck, and body muscle tonic spasm or muscle tremors. The body temperature rises above 40, shortness of breath, and palpitations are hyperactive. The oral membranes are 4102 cyanotic, the visible mucosa is congested, the eyes are turned upward, and the corners of the mouth are often accompanied by white foam. Sweating all over the body, with symptoms of dehydration. If not treated in time, most die after 1-2 days. The lighter ones are conscious and still respond to the owner's call, while the heavier ones are unconscious and lying on the ground, with limbs stirring, like swimming. The symptoms are quickly reduced or eliminated after calcium supplementation is a feature of the disease.

Treatment.

Mother early calcium supplementation, sedation, and antispasmodic, to prevent obstruction of the airway. 10% calcium gluconate 5-20 ml slowly intravenous injection. For persistent spasms, use chlorpromazine or use 25% magnesium sulfate 5 ml intramuscularly. What are the symptoms? The symptoms will be relieved or cured the second time, but there are also cases of relapse on the second day, and the relapse can be fully recovered with one more infusion as described above. The mother should be isolated from the puppies after the disease. The puppy should be artificially nursed to improve its nutritional status. The mother should drink more bone broth to increase her intake of 1653 calcium and phosphorus.

What is the disease of dog upset?
Canine epilepsy, commonly known as "Crohn's disease" or "sheep epilepsy", is a disorder of the brain characterized by sudden onset of temporary loss of consciousness and muscle spasms, and is a manifestation of neurological dysfunction.

Primary epilepsy is also known as spontaneous epilepsy or true epilepsy. It is thought to be related to genetic factors that increase the sensitivity of the cerebral cortex and subcortical centers to external stimuli and predispose them to the development of the disease.

Secondary epilepsy. It is usually secondary to brain and meningitis, intracerebral tumors, intracerebral parasites, concussion, brain injury, and certain diseases. Such as canine distemper, cardiovascular disease, metabolic disease (hypocalcemia, hypoglycemia, uremia, toxemia, etc.); toxic diseases such as carbon monoxide poisoning, which leaves the brain with insufficient oxygen supply. In addition, seizures can be caused by high excitement, fear, and strong stimulation.



Related types

1. Generalized epilepsy

It occurs in small dogs with generalized rigidity, or frequent rigidity and contraction of the body, as well as loss of consciousness and incontinence.

2. Partial epilepsy

This type of epilepsy may be caused by damage to specific parts of the brain, which may lead to seizures in specific parts of the body.

3. Psychomotor epilepsy

This type of seizure may involve biting, yelling, spinning, and finally a general seizure.

4. Grand mal seizures

They are more common in pet dogs. The dog suddenly falls to the ground, convulsions, tonic or paroxysmal spasms, restlessness, irritability, nodding or shaking of the head, barking, hiding in the dark, etc. The whole body is stiff, the limbs are stretched out, the head and neck are bent to the dorsal or side, and sometimes the limbs move in a swimming manner.

5. Petit mal type

The most sudden collapse is accompanied by loss of consciousness, dilated pupils, and even incontinence. However, they are brief and do not last.
  • Category:Dogs Diseases
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  • Release Date:2022-07-01 17:32:11
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